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The Experiences and Understanding of Cambodian Students and Teachers on Career Advice in Grade 10

Career advice/education is defined as the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes through a planned program of learning experiences in education and training settings which will assist students to make informed decisions about their study or work options and enable effective participation in working life. The Cambodian Ministry of Education Youth and Sports’2004 curriculum policy required all schools to provide career advice for grade 10 students. In this study, the researcher explored the experiences of recent former grade 10 students of the provision of career advice at their school and also the understanding among grade 10 teachers of this element of the policy. The study was conducted with a small sample of grade 11 students and grade 10 teachers from different geographical locations in both Phnom Penh and the provinces. The researcher used semi-structured interviews to collect the data.

This research is conducted by Mrs. Heng Vechnan in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Education in Educational Administration and Leadership at Master of Education program, Royal University of Phnom Penh.

The main findings were summarized as follows:

The results of the study indicated that both students and teachers were unaware of the policy, students had not received career advice neither had the teachers been equipped or prepared to provide career advice. Giving or receiving subject advice rather than career advice appeared to be the experience of some in the study. Teachers expressed their need for the MoEYS to better equip them for the role of career advising, and the students wanted skilled assistance to be able to plan for their future and make an informed transition from school to work or further study.

For more information or access this research, please go to get a permission from Faulty of Education at Royal University of Phnom Penh or directly contact by the author, Mrs. Heng Vechnan, via emal: 

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